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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. MaxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. MaxDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.69
Rank#182  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score3.45
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score4.02
Rank#73  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score31.51
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbcloudant.commaxdb.sap.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.cloudant.commaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014SAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997Microsoft
Initial release2019201019842014
Current release7.9.09 (July 2018), 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyesJavaScript
TriggersnoyesyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBCloudantMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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