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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument storeGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.79
Rank#187  Overall
#29  Document stores
Score4.01
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score2.56
Rank#111  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#53  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#10  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbcloudant.comcouchdb.apache.orgvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOpenLink Software
Initial release2019201020051998
Current release3.0, February 202008.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangErlangC
Server operating systemshostedhostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)RESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0yes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Chain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsno infoatomic operations within a document possibleno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DocumentDBCloudantCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Virtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBCloudantCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Virtuoso
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