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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Fully managed big data interactive analytics platform
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS infocolumn oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.79
Rank#187  Overall
#29  Document stores
Score4.01
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.71
Rank#83  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbcloudant.comcouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorer
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoft
Initial release2019201020052019
Current release3.0, February 2020cloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangErlang
Server operating systemshostedhostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia viewsall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subset
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)RESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, R
Triggersnoyesyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicy
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsno infoatomic operations within a document possibleno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAzure Active Directory Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DocumentDBCloudantCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Data Explorer
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more

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Amazon DocumentDBCloudantCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Data Explorer
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