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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. Hazelcast

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. Hazelcast

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A widely adopted in-memory data grid
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.79
Rank#187  Overall
#29  Document stores
Score4.01
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score9.47
Rank#42  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbcloudant.comcouchdb.apache.orghazelcast.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablehazelcast.org/­imdg/­docs
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerHazelcast
Initial release2019201020052008
Current release3.0, February 20204.0.3, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangErlangJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategy
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)RESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Services
Triggersnoyesyesyes infoEvents
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoReplicated Map
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus Algorithm
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsno infoatomic operations within a document possibleno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DocumentDBCloudantCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Hazelcast
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBCloudantCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Hazelcast
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