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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. Graph Engine

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. CouchDB vs. Graph Engine

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engine
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.79
Rank#187  Overall
#29  Document stores
Score4.01
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.67
Rank#205  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#35  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbcloudant.comcouchdb.apache.orgwww.graphengine.io
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manual
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoft
Initial release2019201020052010
Current release3.0, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangErlang.NET and C
Server operating systemshostedhostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
.NET
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononono
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)RESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptyes
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsno infoatomic operations within a document possibleno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storage
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users can be defined per database

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBCloudantCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Graph Engine infoformer name: Trinity
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Recent citations in the news

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