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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cassandra vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cassandra vs. MonetDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessA relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.07
Rank#136  Overall
#24  Document stores
Score118.12
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score2.19
Rank#131  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbcassandra.apache.orgwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcescassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookMonetDB BV
Initial release201920082004
Current release4.0.7, October 2022Jul2021-SP2, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possiblenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DocumentDBCassandraMonetDB
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more
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More resources
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