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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Cloudant vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Cloudant vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.69
Rank#182  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score21.58
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score3.45
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score31.51
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcloudant.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.cloudant.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)IBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Microsoft
Initial release2019201220102014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCErlang
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions infoin PythonView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptJavaScript
TriggersnonoyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)noyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsACIDno infoatomic operations within a document possibleMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBAmazon RedshiftCloudantMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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