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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.80
Rank#148  Overall
#25  Document stores
Score2.82
Rank#109  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score30.39
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbaws.amazon.com/­neptuneazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceslearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoft
Initial release201920172014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)OpenCypher
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJavaScript
TriggersnonoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas within a single region. Global database clusters consists of a primary write DB cluster in one region, and up to five secondary read DB clusters in different regions. Each secondary region can have up to 16 reader instances.yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith encyption-at-restyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBAmazon NeptuneMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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