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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.17
Rank#158  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score70.07
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score34.71
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoft
Initial release201920122014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)RESTful HTTP APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJavaScript
Triggersnoyes infoby integration with AWS LambdaJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)no infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)with Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBAmazon DynamoDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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