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DBMS > Amazon CloudSearch vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Citus vs. Memgraph vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Amazon CloudSearch vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Citus vs. Memgraph vs. Titan

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon CloudSearch  Xexclude from comparisonApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionA hosted search engine service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.06
Rank#101  Overall
#9  Search engines
Score3.55
Rank#93  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score1.32
Rank#148  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#307  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchphoenix.apache.orgwww.citusdata.commemgraph.comtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchphoenix.apache.orgdocs.citusdata.comdocs.memgraph.comgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationMemgraph LtdAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release20122014201020172012
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20198.1, December 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaCC and C++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows
LinuxLinuxLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyes infoall search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsHTTP APIJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infoautomatic partitioning across Amazon Search Instance as requiredShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infomanaged transparently by AWSMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication using RAFTyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoHadoop integrationnonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlauthentication via encrypted signaturesAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissionsUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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Amazon CloudSearchApache PhoenixCitusMemgraphTitan
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