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DBMS > Amazon CloudSearch vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Citus vs. Memgraph vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Amazon CloudSearch vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Citus vs. Memgraph vs. Realm

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon CloudSearch  Xexclude from comparisonApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA hosted search engine service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLA hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.77
Rank#106  Overall
#9  Search engines
Score3.47
Rank#93  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score1.27
Rank#149  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score0.10
Rank#303  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
Score8.95
Rank#46  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchphoenix.apache.orgwww.citusdata.commemgraph.comrealm.io
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchphoenix.apache.orgdocs.citusdata.comdocs.memgraph.comrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationMemgraph LtdRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release20122014201020172014
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20198.1, December 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaCC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows
LinuxLinuxAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyes infoall search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsHTTP APIJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersnonoyesyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infoautomatic partitioning across Amazon Search Instance as requiredShardingShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infomanaged transparently by AWSMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication using RAFTnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoHadoop integrationnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlauthentication via encrypted signaturesAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissionsyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon CloudSearchApache PhoenixCitusMemgraphRealm
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
Amazon CloudSearchApache PhoenixCitusMemgraphRealm
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