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DBMS > Amazon CloudSearch vs. Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch

System Properties Comparison Amazon CloudSearch vs. Apache Druid vs. Elasticsearch

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon CloudSearch  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA hosted search engine service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metric
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.20
Rank#116  Overall
#10  Search engines
Score3.27
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchdruid.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearch
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation and contributorsElastic
Initial release201220122010
Current release0.21.0, April 20217.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Unix
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesyes infoschema-less columns are supportedschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoall search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL for queryingSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsHTTP APIJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes
Triggersnonoyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infoautomatic partitioning across Amazon Search Instance as requiredSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infomanaged transparently by AWSyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoES-Hadoop Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlauthentication via encrypted signaturesRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and system

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More resources
Amazon CloudSearchApache DruidElasticsearch
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Recent citations in the news

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24 January 2014, TechTarget

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2 June 2020, TechTarget

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Amazon Elasticsearch Service is so flexible it wants to be called by a new name
10 September 2021, The Register

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15 September 2021, InfoQ.com

ElasticSearch Fork OpenSearch is Generally Available
1 September 2021, CTOvision

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9 September 2021, Business Wire

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23 August 2021, TechCrunch

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