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DBMS > Amazon CloudSearch vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon CloudSearch vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon CloudSearch  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA hosted search engine service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.85
Rank#91  Overall
#10  Search engines
Score62.51
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score162.56
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score513.92
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperAmazonAmazonIBMPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201220121983 infohost version1989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release12.1, October 201612.2, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercial infofree version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C
Server operating systemshostedhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes infoall search fields are automatically indexedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsHTTP APIRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infoautomatic partitioning across Amazon Search Instance as requiredShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versionpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infomanaged transparently by AWSyesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlauthentication via encrypted signaturesAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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