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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Realm vs. Redis vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Realm vs. Redis vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.79
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score9.80
Rank#48  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score173.54
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score71.03
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorarealm.ioredis.com
redis.io
www.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmlrealm.io/­docsdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
docs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Redis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2015201420092014
Current release6.2.6, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprisecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
hosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolCLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)user defined functions
Triggersyesyes infoChange Listenerspublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningnoneSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnoneMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonothrough RedisGearsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-Memory realmyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon AuroraRealmRedisSnowflake
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more

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More resources
Amazon AuroraRealmRedisSnowflake
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