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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.10
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score954.29
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#303  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Score3.23
Rank#99  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servergithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4pingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftSTS Soft SCPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2015198920112016
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20194.0.8, September 20155.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++C#Go, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
WindowsLinux
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
Java
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanono
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon AuroraMicrosoft SQL ServerSTSdbTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
24 November 2021

KubeCon 2021 Q&A: PingCAP Recaps the Event and Explores Its HTAP Database
16 November 2021

How to Troubleshoot RocksDB Write Stalls in TiKV
12 November 2021

PingCAP Introduces Its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9 November 2021

TiDB Cloud Introduces Developer Tier
9 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon AuroraMicrosoft SQL ServerSTSdbTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

AWS lights brighter path to Amazon Aurora
1 November 2021, ComputerWeekly.com

Amazon's (AMZN) AWS Gets Picked by Richemont, Clientele Grows
26 November 2021, Entrepreneur

Amazon Aurora Supports PostgreSQL 13
5 September 2021, InfoQ.com

TrustLogix Brings Unique Data Security Governance Platform to AWS
26 November 2021, MarTech Series

AWS Announces Amazon Aurora Supports PostgreSQL 12
7 February 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Introducing SQL Server 2022: Top 3 New Features Announced at Microsoft Ignite
2 November 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft SQL Server 2017 Connector Comes to Google Data Studio
5 November 2021, CMSWire

Clumio extends protection to SQL Server on Amazon EC2
10 November 2021, TechTarget

Clumio Protect Expands to Microsoft SQL Server
23 November 2021, CRN

Amazon Babelfish helps developers migrate SQL Server apps to the cloud • DEVCLASS
1 November 2021, DevClass

provided by Google News

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: TiDB
5 November 2021, SDTimes.com

PingCAP Introduces its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9 November 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP announces Public Preview of TiDB Cloud USA - English
10 May 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

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