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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. QuestDB vs. RRDtool vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. QuestDB vs. RRDtool vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonQuestDB  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA high performance open source SQL database for time series dataIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.61
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score924.35
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.74
Rank#147  Overall
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score4.76
Rank#82  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverquestdb.iooss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverquestdb.io/­docs/­introductionoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­docdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperAmazonMicrosoftQuestDB LimitedTobias OetikerTimescale
Initial release20151989201419992017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20191.8.0, 20222.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSSOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# availableC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoschema-free via InfluxDB Line Protocolyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data onlynumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like query languagenoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP REST
InfluxDB Line Protocol (TCP/UDP)
JDBC
in-process shared library
Pipes
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infoPostgreSQL driver
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust infoover HTTP
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanonouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning (by timestamps)noneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionConfigurable consistency for N replicasnoneSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID for single-table writesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infothrough memory mapped filesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon AuroraMicrosoft SQL ServerQuestDBRRDtoolTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsRelational model with native time series support Column based storage and time partitioned...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesReal-time data ingestion and istant SQL queries for time series High performance...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication metrics Financial market data and algo trading DevOps monitoring Real-time...
» more
Time-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsWith over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0.
» more
TimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon AuroraMicrosoft SQL ServerQuestDBRRDtoolTimescaleDB
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