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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Immudb vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Immudb vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb vs. TypeDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonImmudb  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonAn open source immutable (append-only) database with cryptographic verification which makes it tamper-resistant and fully auditable.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.46
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#321  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#345  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Score0.67
Rank#210  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#101  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­auroragithub.com/­codenotary/­immudb
www.codenotary.com/­technologies/­immudb
www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servergithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4vaticle.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.immudb.iodocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperAmazonCodenotaryMicrosoftSTS Soft SCVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release20152020198920112016
Current release1.2.3, April 2022SQL Server 2019, November 20194.0.8, September 20152.8.1, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++C#Java
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Windows
WindowsLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like syntaxyesnono
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client APIgRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
Java
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanono
Triggersyesnoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionnoneMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesnono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon AuroraImmudbMicrosoft SQL ServerSTSdbTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsMeet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesEntity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
Amazon AuroraImmudbMicrosoft SQL ServerSTSdbTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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