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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. H2 vs. Immudb vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. H2 vs. Immudb vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonImmudb  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.An open source immutable (append-only) database with cryptographic verification which makes it tamper-resistant and fully auditable.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeSpatial DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.46
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#321  Overall
#48  Key-value stores
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#345  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.h2database.comgithub.com/­codenotary/­immudb
www.codenotary.com/­technologies/­immudb
www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servergithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmlwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.immudb.iodocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperAmazonThomas MuellerCodenotaryMicrosoftSTS Soft SC
Initial release20152005202019892011
Current release2.1.210, January 20221.2.3, April 2022SQL Server 2019, November 20194.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGoC++C#
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Windows
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like syntaxyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC protocol
PostgreSQL wire protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningnoneShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Amazon AuroraH2ImmudbMicrosoft SQL ServerSTSdb
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