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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Grakn vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Grakn vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.A containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Document store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.17
Rank#46  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score0.47
Rank#213  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#102  Relational DBMS
Score1.05
Rank#144  Overall
#22  Document stores
#24  Key-value stores
#6  Object oriented DBMS
#69  Relational DBMS
Score90.09
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­auroragrakn.aiwww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-irismariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperAmazonGrakn LabsInterSystemsMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2015201620182009
Current release1.7.1, April 20202018.1.1, February 201810.4.12, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeyesyesdepending on used data modelyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningSharding infoby using CassandraShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, key
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon AuroraGraknInterSystems IRISMariaDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
InterSystems IRIS is a complete cloud-first data platform which includes a multi-model...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

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18 April 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 1/2
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14 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon AuroraGraknInterSystems IRISMariaDB
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