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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. EXASOL vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.76
Rank#45  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score3.40
Rank#88  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score2.59
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.exasol.com/­en/­productscloud.google.com/­spannerwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmlwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourcescloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonExasolGoogleSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2015200020172014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
Lua
Python
R
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsnouser defined functions
Triggersyesyesnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoHadoop integrationyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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