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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Drizzle vs. Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Drizzle vs. Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Analytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.62
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score18.38
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score991.07
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.49
Rank#107  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverpingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperAmazonDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerClouderaMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20152008201319892016
Current release7.2.4, September 20123.4.0, April 2020SQL Server 2019, November 20195.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++C++C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxLinux
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon AuroraDrizzleImpalaMicrosoft SQL ServerTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon AuroraDrizzleImpalaMicrosoft SQL ServerTiDB
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