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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Drizzle vs. Impala vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Drizzle vs. Impala vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Analytic DBMS for HadoopMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Microsofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.62
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score18.38
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score96.79
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score991.07
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperAmazonDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerClouderaMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release20152008201320091989
Current release7.2.4, September 20123.4.0, April 202010.5.10, May 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageC++C++C and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon AuroraDrizzleImpalaMariaDBMicrosoft SQL Server
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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Amazon AuroraDrizzleImpalaMariaDBMicrosoft SQL Server
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