DB-EnginesExtremeDB: hybrid in-memory and persistent storage based on a true IMDSEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Drizzle vs. Impala vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Drizzle vs. Impala vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWell established RDBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.62
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score18.38
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score5.34
Rank#67  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score991.07
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperAmazonDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerClouderaActian CorporationMicrosoft
Initial release2015200820131974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s1989
Current release7.2.4, September 20123.4.0, April 202011.0, April 2017SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++CC++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBCJDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorIngres Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon AuroraDrizzleImpalaIngresMicrosoft SQL Server
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Amazon - the rising star in the DBMS market
3 August 2015, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL won the April ranking; did its forks follow?
1 April 2015, Paul Andlinger

Has MySQL finally lost its mojo?
1 July 2013, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Oracle Unleashes HeatWave on MySQL, Thumps Amazon Redshift & Aurora
27 May 2021, Cloud Wars

CRN Oracle's Larry Ellison Launches Fresh Attacks On SAP And AWS 1 day ago
15 June 2021, CRN

Amazon lights up Arlington building for Pride Month
12 June 2021, WDVM 25

Amazon DocumentDB adds Global Clusters
2 June 2021, ZDNet

Splunk Hires AWS Database Exec As New President Of Products And Technology
26 May 2021, CRN

provided by Google News

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much – Gigaom
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

provided by Google News

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative
25 May 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative at Actian Hybrid Data Conference 2021
25 May 2021, Business Wire

Staying power: the growing impact of PostgreSQL on enterprise marks Postgres Vision 2021
15 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Your occasional storage digest with TrendForce NAND figures and more than 25 other announcements – Blocks and Files
1 June 2021, Blocks and Files

characters from famous paintings fuse together in 'the impossible dialogues'
11 June 2021, Designboom

provided by Google News

Azure Stack HCI and SQL Server set sail on HPE's GreenLake – Blocks and Files
21 June 2021, Blocks and Files

How to Install and Set Up Microsoft SQL Server on Ubuntu - MUO
21 June 2021, MakeUseOf

Microsoft SQL Server RDBMS Review 2021
3 June 2021, Datamation

Learn what makes Microsoft SQL Server a market-leading database technologies with this bundle
15 June 2021, Popular Science

Oracle vs SQL Server: RDBMS Comparison 2021
4 June 2021, Datamation

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Development Engineer - Amazon Aurora
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Software Development Manager - Amazon Aurora
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Sr. Software Development Manager - Aurora Storage
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

Software Development Engineer - Amazon Aurora
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Redmond, WA

Senior Software Development Engineer - Amazon Aurora
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., Seattle, WA

Business Intelligence Developer (Tableau)
Early Warning Services, Scottsdale, AZ

RPA Developer
Octo, Falls Church, VA

Data Engineer
Simplex Software, Remote

ETL Engineer (13511)
Baer Group, Alexandria, VA

Cloud Architect (Remote)
Kinetix, Atlanta, GA

Production Specialist/ Administrative Support
Great Western Malting, Vancouver, WA

Systems Analyst
Teradyne Infotech, Farmington Hills, MI

System Administrator - Master
M & M Technical Services, Andrews, TX

Jr. Systems Engineer
Cognosante, LLC, Elizabeth City, NC

URGENT! Jasper Reports Developer/Full Time/US Citizen/Green Card/Isle/IL
A4SAFE, Inc., Isle, MN

SQL Server DBA (Remote Opportunity)
Navisite, Warrendale, PA

SQL Server DBA
Viviente Software, Floresville, TX

SQL Server Database Administrator
Procure SQL, Remote

SQL Server Developer
Cigna, Hartford, CT

Sql Server Developer
SDH Systems, Redmond, WA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here