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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Drizzle vs. GraphDB vs. Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Drizzle vs. GraphDB vs. Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Enterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Analytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.62
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score2.31
Rank#113  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score18.38
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score991.07
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.ontotext.comwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperAmazonDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerOntotextClouderaMicrosoft
Initial release20152008200020131989
Current release7.2.4, September 20129.8, June 20213.4.0, April 2020SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaC++C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBCGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnowell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.nonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingnoneShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infoConstraint checkingnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon AuroraDrizzleGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMImpalaMicrosoft SQL Server
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
Amazon AuroraDrizzleGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMImpalaMicrosoft SQL Server
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