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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Drizzle vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Analytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.62
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score3.58
Rank#88  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score18.38
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score991.07
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­auroracloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmlcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperAmazonDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerGoogleClouderaMicrosoft
Initial release20152008201520131989
Current release7.2.4, September 20123.4.0, April 2020SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedLinuxLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.nonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingShardingShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon AuroraDrizzleGoogle Cloud BigtableImpalaMicrosoft SQL Server
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