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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. CockroachDB vs. Firebird vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. CockroachDB vs. Firebird vs. LeanXcale

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Firebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.28
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score7.53
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score24.94
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.15
Rank#299  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#138  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.cockroachlabs.comwww.firebirdsql.orgwww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmlwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docswww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manuals
DeveloperAmazonCockroach LabsFirebird FoundationLeanXcale
Initial release201520152000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase2015
Current release21.1.2, June 20214.0.1, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachDB: A cloud-native, distributed SQL database designed for speed, scale, and survival. Get started for free today with a fully-managed CockroachDB cluster -- leave operations behind and get your app to market faster.
Implementation languageGoC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesdynamic schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyesyes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBCADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoPSQL
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication using RAFTnone infoavailable via 3rd party products
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon AuroraCockroachDBFirebirdLeanXcale
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Hybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersComcast, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc, Bitski,...
» more
banking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics8K+ long-running clusters 2.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 15K+ CockroachDB...
» more
15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
annual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
Amazon AuroraCockroachDBFirebirdLeanXcale
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