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DBMS > Amazon Aurora vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison Amazon Aurora vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. STSdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.79
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score24.37
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score954.02
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#306  Overall
#45  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­rds/­auroraaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servergithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperAmazonAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftSTS Soft SC
Initial release2015201219892011
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20194.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C#
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Windows
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Amazon AuroraAmazon RedshiftMicrosoft SQL ServerSTSdb
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