DBMS > Altibase vs. PostgreSQL vs. SurrealDB
System Properties Comparison Altibase vs. PostgreSQL vs. SurrealDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Altibase Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||SurrealDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||An enterprise grade, high-performance RDBMS||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||A fully ACID transactional, developer-friendly, multi-model DBMS|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Document store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Apache Age
Vector DBMS with pgvector extension
|Developer||Altibase||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||SurrealDB Ltd|
|Initial release||1999||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2022|
|Current release||v22.214.171.124.3, March 2021||16.0, September 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial Open source edition discontinued with March 2023||Open Source BSD||Open Source|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.|
|Server operating systems||AIX|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.|
|SQL Support of SQL||ANSI SQL-92||yes standard with numerous extensions||SQL-like query language|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
RESTful HTTP API
|Supported programming languages||C|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||stored procedures and stored functions||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes, based on authentication and database rules|
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