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DBMS > Altibase vs. FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Altibase vs. FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAltibase  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionAn enterprise grade, high-performance RDBMSOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.05
Rank#172  Overall
#85  Relational DBMS
Score1.30
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score83.25
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1281.74
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitealtibase.comwww.foundationdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationgithub.com/­ALTIBASE/­Documents/­tree/­master/­Manualsapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAltibaseFoundationDBMicrosoftOracle
Initial release1999201320101980
Current releasev7.1.0.5.3, March 20216.2.28, November 2020V1219c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infosince February 2018Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL-92supported in specific SQL layer onlyyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Java
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresstored procedures and stored functionsin SQL-layer onlyTransact SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesin SQL-layer onlyyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
AltibaseFoundationDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracle
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