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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. etcd vs. Titan vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. etcd vs. Titan vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSA distributed reliable key-value storeTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.TypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.33
Rank#148  Overall
#25  Document stores
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score9.42
Rank#47  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score0.82
Rank#188  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#93  Relational DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.cometcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
titan.thinkaurelius.comgrakn.ai
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmletcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
github.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wikidocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperFranz Inc.Aurelius, owned by DataStaxGrakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release200420122016
Current release7.0.0, April 20203.4, August 20192.0, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache license, version 2.0Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
Clojure
Java
Python
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnoyesno
Triggersyesyes, watching key changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith Federationyes infovia pluggable storage backendsSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.yesMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationnoUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serveryes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphetcdTitanTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Grakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Gartner Case Study: Entity-Event Knowledge Graph for Powering AI Solutions (Montefiore)
15 March 2021

Understanding What Matters With Text Analytics and NLP
9 March 2021

KMWorld 100 Companies that Matter Most – Franz Inc.
9 March 2021

Maximizing Your Data Fabric’s ROI via Entity Data Modeling
24 February 2021

Data-Centric Architecture Forum – DCAF 2021
1 February 2021

Today’s Biomedical Research Requires New Technologies
12 March 2021

A Clinical Decision Support System Built With a Knowledge Graph
16 February 2021

You’re Invited to Grakn Orbit 2021
12 February 2021

How to Succeed with Your First Grakn Project
12 February 2021

Grakn 2.0 Alpha: best practices of Distributed Systems and Computer Science
13 January 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
AllegroGraphetcdTitanTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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Recent citations in the news

Franz Announces Allegro NFS Server 7.0 for Windows
16 February 2021, Business Wire

Franz Releases AllegroGraph 7.1
12 February 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Using speech technology to make real-time decisions at KMWorld Connect 2020
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Franz Inc. Named a 2021 KMWorld 100 Company that Matters in Knowledge Management
22 March 2021, Business Wire

Franz's AllegroGraph 7 Gains Broad Recognition in 2020 as a Leading Knowledge Graph Solution
9 December 2020, Business Wire

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Graph Database Market Current Status and 2027 Future Projections- SAP, Franz Inc(AllegroGraph), Datastax, Marklogic, triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Microsoft – Test & Measurement
13 May 2021, Test & Measurement

Graph Database Market Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast To 2026 – Clark County Blog
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Beyond Titan: The Evolution of DataStax's New Graph Database
21 June 2016, Datanami

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