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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. TypeDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.26
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score57.63
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.24
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score5.83
Rank#62  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.83
Rank#193  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#96  Relational DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comneo4j.comorientdb.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlvaticle.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywheredocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperFranz Inc.Neo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSAP infoformerly SybaseGrakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release20042007201019922016
Current release7.0.0, April 20204.3.3, August 20213.1.9, February 202117, July 20152.3, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoSQL-like query language, no joinsyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlno
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlerHooksyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith Federationyes using Neo4j FabricShardingnoneSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroringMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphNeo4jOrientDBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
TypeDB is a database technology that serves as the knowledge base foundation to intelligent...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of TypeDB allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
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