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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.34
Rank#150  Overall
#25  Document stores
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score488.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score55.75
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.45
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.mongodb.comneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.MongoDB, IncNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2004200920072010
Current release7.0.0, April 20204.4.5, April 20214.2.6, May 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
proprietary protocol using JSONBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common LispJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphMongoDBNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metrics125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Gartner Case Study: Entity-Event Knowledge Graph for Powering AI Solutions (Montefiore)
15 March 2021

Understanding What Matters With Text Analytics and NLP
9 March 2021

KMWorld 100 Companies that Matter Most – Franz Inc.
9 March 2021

Maximizing Your Data Fabric’s ROI via Entity Data Modeling
24 February 2021

Data-Centric Architecture Forum – DCAF 2021
1 February 2021

This Week in Neo4j – deps.dev, neo-forgery, Motherlode, tei2neo, RBAC with Azure AD, Prometheus, GraphStuff.FM Podcasts
12 June 2021

#GraphCast: Why Join Neo4j with Johannes
11 June 2021

What Pride Month Means to Me at Neo4j
10 June 2021

Reflections on My First 6 Months at Neo4j
8 June 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Graph Embeddings, Confluent with Aura, Intro Video, Liquibase, Data Stack Show
5 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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