DB-EngineseXtremeDB: Active Replication Fabric for Reliable IoT Database ManagementEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. MariaDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.95
Rank#170  Overall
#26  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score90.92
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score536.77
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperFranz Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2004200919951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release7.0.0, April 202010.4.12, January 20208.0.21, 202012.3, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleyesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphMariaDBMySQLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
News

Knowledge graphs enhance customer experience through speed and accuracy
10 July 2020

AllegroGraph Named to 100 Companies That Matter Most in Data
22 June 2020

Bloor Research Covers AllegroGraph with FedShard
5 June 2020

AllegroGraph Tutorial – Distributed Repository Using Shards and Federation Setup
25 May 2020

Advanced Knowledge Graph Visualization with New Gruff v8
12 May 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more
Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Datadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphMariaDBMySQLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Ubiquitous AI Demands A New Type Of Database Sharding
1 May 2020, Forbes

AllegroGraph v7 Powers First Distributed Semantic Knowledge Graph Solution with Federated-Sharding
26 May 2020, Business Wire

Three Necessities For Maximizing Your Digital Twins Approach
4 November 2019, Forbes

Answering the Question Why: Explainable AI
18 March 2020, AiThority

Franz AllegroGraph 7 Provides Distributed Semantic Knowledge Graph Solution with Federated-Sharding
29 April 2020, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

MariaDB announces Platform X5, a comprehensive open source database solution
20 July 2020, Help Net Security

MariaDB Platform X5 Adds New Distributed SQL
16 July 2020, Business Wire

MariaDB Raises $25M In New Funding To Expand Its SkySQL DBaaS Operations
9 July 2020, CRN: Technology news for channel partners and solution providers

Distributed SQL database capabilities come to MariaDB X5
16 July 2020, TechTarget

MariaDB raises $25m to scale its SkySQL database
10 July 2020, Siliconrepublic.com

provided by Google News

ScaleFlux computational storage makes Percona MySQL faster
5 August 2020, Blocks and Files

Best data management course deal: 95% off MySQL bootcamp (UK deal)
2 August 2020, Mashable

The AWS Serverless LAMP Stack: the Future of PHP or Vendor Lock-in?
31 July 2020, InfoQ.com

Mobile Workforce Management Market is Rising Due to Accelerated Use of Smartphones and Tablets | Mobile Workforce Management Market Size, Share and Growth Forecast - Press Release
8 August 2020, Digital Journal

How to populate MySQL tables with data using phpMyAdmin
15 May 2020, TechRepublic

provided by Google News

Swarm64 Announces Strategic Partnership With Command Prompt, Inc.
6 August 2020, Business Wire

Crunchy Certified PostgreSQL 12 Achieves In Evaluation Status for Common Criteria Certification
21 July 2020, PRNewswire

Using logical replication to replicate managed Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL and Amazon Aurora to self-managed PostgreSQL
29 July 2020, idk.dev

maintain a postgresql database using osm2pgsql - Linux & Unix
3 August 2020, BleepingComputer

PostgreSQL Multi-Model Graph Extension Announced
13 July 2020, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

MBSE (System Modeler)
Gryphon Technologies, Chesapeake, VA

MBSE (Systems Modeler)
Gryphon Technologies, Arlington, VA

Software Engineer (Back End Developer)
WTI Solutions, Herndon, VA

Senior Sales Engineers (Central/West Coast)
TigerGraph, Redwood City, CA

SSDS Systems Engineer
Valkyrie Enterprises, Inc., Washington, DC

MySQL/MariaDB Database Administrator
Medical Informatics Engineering, Fort Wayne, IN

WordPress Support Specialist
Yoko, Remote

Sr. Database Administrator
Hyundai AutoEver America (HAEA), Fountain Valley, CA

Intern or Part-Time Database and Application Developer
NetDiverse, Salt Lake City, UT

MongoDB-Lead
Wipro Limited, Bothell, WA

Loss Prevention Specialist Greater Richmond, VA Area
Amazon.com Services LLC, Chester, VA

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Imperial, PA

Entry Level Data Analyst Position
jerneltechcorp, New York, NY

Jr. Web Developer
Rabb Consulting, Remote

Data Engineer - Contract/Freelance
Seadata.io, Atlanta, GA

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

GIS Analyst
Denver Regional Council of Governments, Denver, CO

Fall 2020 DNC Technology Internship
Democratic National Committee, Washington, DC

Scala Engineer (all levels) - Remote
Axoni, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here