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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Machbase vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Machbase vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSTimeSeries DBMS for AIoT and BigDataScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.23
Rank#159  Overall
#28  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.02
Rank#338  Overall
#32  Time Series DBMS
Score57.98
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.64
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score1.97
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.machbase.comneo4j.comorientdb.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlendoc.machbase.comneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperFranz Inc.MachbaseNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPStardog-Union
Initial release20042013200720102010
Current release7.2, October 2021V6.5, August 20214.3.7, November 20213.1.9, February 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial infofree test version availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageCJava, ScalaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query language, no joinsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP infovia ODBC
Python
R infovia ODBC
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesnoyes infovia event handlerHooksyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingyes using Neo4j FabricShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesnoyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infovolatile and lookup tableyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationsimple password-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxNeo4jOrientDBStardog
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Machbase is an extremely fast time series database which processes large volumes...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Fastest Database for IIoT, Independently verified, on Industry Standard Benchmarks....
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosDistributed Query In Machbase Cluster Edition, a broker node, which is responsible...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersMachbase has over 50 customers, including Samsung, POSCO, and Hyundai.
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsReal-time data processing Real-time index creation Optimized DBMS for processing...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMachbase provide several product editions, including: Intelligent Edge Device, Fog...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Franz’s AllegroGraph Name “Best Knowledge Graph” by KMWorld Readers’ Choice
8 November 2021

AllegroGraph v7.2 – Now Available (GNN, Virtual Graphs, Spark, and Kafka)
25 October 2021

Fuse Graph Neural Networks with Semantic Reasoning to Produce Complimentary Predictions
25 September 2021

Essilor’s Knowledge Graph for Global Supply Chain Risk Management
14 September 2021

No-Code Queries Can Accelerate AI and Data Analytics
1 September 2021

Using a Hybrid Technique to Detect Illicit Activities in Shell Companies
22 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Health Care & Life Sciences Workshop, Cloudflare Workers, Apache Hop, and More
20 November 2021

From Law Enforcement to Graph Technology: An Unlikely Relationship
19 November 2021

From Graph to Knowledge Graph: Actioning vs. Decisioning Knowledge Graphs
17 November 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Big Announcements, Rugby Stats, Social Graphs, and Mergers & Acquisitions
13 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxNeo4jOrientDBStardog
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