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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Machbase vs. MariaDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Machbase vs. MariaDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSTimeSeries DBMS for AIoT and BigDataMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.23
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.02
Rank#343  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score104.36
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.40
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.machbase.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
neo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlendoc.machbase.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.MachbaseMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Neo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release20042013200920072010
Current release7.2, October 2021V6.5, August 202110.6.5, November 20214.4.0, December 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial infofree test version availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageCC and C++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP infovia ODBC
Python
R infovia ODBC
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersyesnoyesyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesnoyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infovolatile and lookup tableyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationsimple password-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxMariaDBNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Machbase is an extremely fast time series database which processes large volumes...
» more
MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Fastest Database for IIoT, Independently verified, on Industry Standard Benchmarks....
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosDistributed Query In Machbase Cluster Edition, a broker node, which is responsible...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersMachbase has over 50 customers, including Samsung, POSCO, and Hyundai.
» more
Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsReal-time data processing Real-time index creation Optimized DBMS for processing...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMachbase provide several product editions, including: Intelligent Edge Device, Fog...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Franz’s AllegroGraph Name “Best Knowledge Graph” by KMWorld Readers’ Choice
8 November 2021

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Essilor’s Knowledge Graph for Global Supply Chain Risk Management
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4 December 2021

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2 December 2021

The Results Are In: Here Are This Year’s Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021

What’s the ROI of a Graph Technology Investment?
30 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphMachbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxMariaDBNeo4jOrientDB
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