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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Lovefield vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Lovefield vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.88
Rank#161  Overall
#21  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.19
Rank#259  Overall
#122  Relational DBMS
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#168  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitefranz.com/­agraph/­allegrographgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperFranz Inc.GoogleNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release2004201420072010
Current release6.6.0, August 20192.1.12, February 20173.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternnoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersyesUsing read-only observersyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith Federationnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication
Multi-master replication
noneCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infousing MemoryDByes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationnoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphLovefieldNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader Document Store and Graph Database. Supporting JSON...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Triple Attributes
2 May 2018

Allegro "Knowledge" Graph News - March 2018
7 March 2018

AllegroGraph v6.4 - Now Available
23 January 2018

AllegroGraph News - December 2017
20 December 2017

AllegroGraph News - November 2017
2 November 2017

Overcoming CCPA Compliance Challenges: What Is CCPA?
14 October 2019

This Week in Neo4j – NODES Keynote, Cypher Eager Operator, Releases of Neo4j OGM and jQAssistant
12 October 2019

Announcing the Global GraphHack Winners!
11 October 2019

Empowering Educators: Neo4j’s New Program for Classroom Instruction
10 October 2019

This Week in Neo4j – It’s NODES Time, Learning Japanese Characters, Building a Chat Bot, Streams, Tables, and Graphs
5 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
AllegroGraphLovefieldNeo4jStardog
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22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Conferences and events

The Knowledge Graph that Listens
Webinar, 10:00 AM - Pacific, 23 October 2019

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

AllegroGraph Named to Big Data 50 – Companies Driving Innovation in 2019
18 September 2019, PR Web

Franz launches AllegroGraph Knowledge Graph solution
12 June 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Graph Database 'Shapes' Data
16 August 2019, Datanami

Franz Updates AllegroGraph with the Ability to Ingest JSON and JSON-LD Documents
4 March 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Graph Database Market Analysis 2019 - triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
25 September 2019, News Coed

provided by Google News

Lovefield: An SQL-like Query Engine by Google
18 November 2014, InfoQ.com

3 JavaScript ORMs You Might Not Know
7 October 2015, SitePoint

How to survive the apocalypse: cookbook’s end-of-days ideas
17 August 2019, Post Magazine

provided by Google News

Neo4j equips educators with data graphing teaching tools
10 October 2019, TechRepublic

Neo4j Launches Program to Empower Educators
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

NEORIS Demonstrates the Power of Graph Knowledge Management to Enable Predictive Analytics at Neo4j GraphTour New York
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j Gets Hooks Into Kafka
1 October 2019, Datanami

New Graph Database Performance Benchmark Confirms Graph Database
14 August 2019, AiThority

provided by Google News

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