DB-EngineseXtremeDB high availability featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. LeanXcale vs. Raima Database Manager vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. LeanXcale vs. Raima Database Manager vs. Virtuoso

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database serverVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.04
Rank#165  Overall
#26  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.29
Rank#265  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#122  Relational DBMS
Score0.48
Rank#233  Overall
#111  Relational DBMS
Score2.54
Rank#110  Overall
#20  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#54  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#10  Search engines
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.leanxcale.comraima.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.raima.comdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperFranz Inc.LeanXcaleRaima Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release2004201519841998
Current release7.0.0, April 202014.108.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleno infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infothrough Apache Derbyyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
Java
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specificationyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith Federationhorizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationnoFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphLeanXcaleRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Full ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Linear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

Data Fabrics and Knowledge Graphs — A Symbiotic Relationship
6 November 2020

RDF vs Property Graph – The Graph Show
3 November 2020

Text Analytics Forum 2020 – KMWorld Connect
27 October 2020

Sharing Ontologies Globally To Speed Science And Healthcare Solutions – OntoPortal
7 October 2020

Knowledge Graphs: A Single Source of Truth for the Enterprise
5 October 2020

Raima Announces Release of Raima Database Manager (RDM) v14.2, a Powerful IoT Edge Embedded Database
8 October 2020

Raima Joins BlackBerry QNX Channel Partner Program to Deliver Safety-Critical and Secure Software Solutions for the IoT Edge Industry
1 October 2020

Raima Expands Their Reseller Network in Asia
19 May 2020

Raima and MontaVista announce strategic partnership
14 May 2020

Intelligence of Things with Raima at MWC Barcelona and Embedded World 2020
11 February 2020

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphLeanXcaleRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaVirtuoso
Recent citations in the news

2021 Trends in Data Modeling: Attaining the Universal Data Model Ideal
29 October 2020, insideBIGDATA

Franz Inc. to Present at The Global Graph Summit and Data Day Texas 2020
10 January 2020, PR Web

Ubiquitous AI Demands A New Type Of Database Sharding
1 May 2020, Forbes

AllegroGraph v7 Powers First Distributed Semantic Knowledge Graph Solution with Federated-Sharding
26 May 2020, Business Wire

Franz Expands with Introduction of Gruff 8
13 May 2020, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Hunting For Disruption At Collision Conference
29 April 2016, Forbes

(online) CWI Lectures on Database Research — CWI Amsterdam
17 December 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Major Advancements in Big Data in the Automotive Industry: 2018 – 2030
17 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

Tailored IoT & BigData Sandboxes and Testbeds for Smart, Autonomous and Personalized Services in the European Finance and Insurance Services Ecosystem | INFINITECH Project | H2020 | CORDIS | European Commission
7 August 2020, ICT Results

The Future Chief Data Officer 2018 Special Report
30 September 2020, Raconteur

provided by Google News

Raima Announces Release of Raima Database Manager (RDM) v14.2, a Powerful IoT Edge Embedded Database
8 October 2020, PR Web

Raima Joins BlackBerry QNX Channel Partner Program to Deliver Safety-Critical and Secure Software Solutions for the IoT Edge
1 October 2020, PR Web

Raima and MontaVista Announce Strategic Partnership
14 May 2020, PRNewswire

Boeing Upgrades AWACS System Component to RDM Embedded 8.1
20 April 2009, PR Web (press release)

Birdstep Technology Releases RDM Embedded 9.0
5 December 2008, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Graph Data Analyst
Jefferies & Company, Inc., New York, NY

ANES IS and Software Engineer (Anesthesiology)
University of Maryland Faculty Physicians, Baltimore, MD

Entry Level/Junior Software Engineer
BAE Systems, San Diego, CA

MBSE (Systems Modeler)
Gryphon Technologies, Arlington, VA

Senior Principal Software Engineer
Novartis, Cambridge, MA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Present your product here