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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Ingres vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Tarantool

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Ingres vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. Tarantool

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSWell established RDBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)In-memory database with an integrated application server
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.23
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score5.62
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.40
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score1.65
Rank#134  Overall
#24  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmsneo4j.comorientdb.orgwww.tarantool.io
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.actian.com/­ingresneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.tarantool.io/­en/­doc
DeveloperFranz Inc.Actian CorporationNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPMail.ru Group
Initial release20041974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s200720102008
Current release7.2, October 202111.0, April 20174.4.0, December 20213.1.9, February 20212.4.2, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageCJava, ScalaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)BSD
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleno infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availablenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesnoSQL-like query language, no joinsFull-featured ANSI SQL support
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Open binary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, JavascriptLua, C and SQL stored procedures
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlerHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith Federationhorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslyyes using Neo4j FabricShardingHash sharding based on virtual buckets
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Ingres ReplicatorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyes, with SQL
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID, read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyesyesyes, cooperative multitasking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistence
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphIngresNeo4jOrientDBTarantool
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Franz’s AllegroGraph Name “Best Knowledge Graph” by KMWorld Readers’ Choice
8 November 2021

AllegroGraph v7.2 – Now Available (GNN, Virtual Graphs, Spark, and Kafka)
25 October 2021

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Essilor’s Knowledge Graph for Global Supply Chain Risk Management
14 September 2021

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1 September 2021

Jim Webber with Matthias Sieber: Teaching Neo4j to Make the World a Better Place
6 December 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Advent of Graphs, Neo4j 4.4, 2021 Graphie Awards, Graph Embeddings
4 December 2021

Neo4j 4.4 – The Fastest Path to Graph Database Productivity, Generally Available
2 December 2021

The Results Are In: Here Are This Year’s Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021

What’s the ROI of a Graph Technology Investment?
30 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphIngresNeo4jOrientDBTarantool
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