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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Impala vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Impala vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSAnalytic DBMS for HadoopScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.26
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score57.63
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.24
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score5.83
Rank#62  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlneo4j.comorientdb.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperFranz Inc.ClouderaNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release20042013200720101992
Current release7.0.0, April 20203.4.0, April 20204.3.4, September 20213.1.9, February 202117, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoSQL-like query language, no joinsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyesnoyes infovia event handlerHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingyes using Neo4j FabricShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphImpalaNeo4jOrientDBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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