DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Impala vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Impala vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SAP IQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSAnalytic DBMS for HadoopScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Columnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.26
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score57.63
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.24
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score4.93
Rank#72  Overall
#39  Relational DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlneo4j.comorientdb.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperFranz Inc.ClouderaNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release20042013200720101994
Current release7.0.0, April 20203.4.0, April 20204.3.3, August 20213.1.9, February 202116.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoSQL-like query language, no joinsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptyes
Triggersyesnoyes infovia event handlerHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingyes using Neo4j FabricShardingshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replicationSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphImpalaNeo4jOrientDBSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Essilor’s Knowledge Graph for Global Supply Chain Risk Management
14 September 2021

No-Code Queries Can Accelerate AI and Data Analytics
1 September 2021

Why Young Developers Don’t Get Knowledge Graphs
1 August 2021

The Next Step in Machine Learning’s Evolution: Graph Neural Networks
29 July 2021

Franz Inc. Named to KMWorld’s AI50
14 July 2021

This Week in Neo4j – GraphXR, CARD, Relational vs. Graph, Azure Functions, Neo4j Spring Data 6, Load JSON, Videos Galore
18 September 2021

#GraphCast: 8 Tips to Decide If Knowledge Graph Is Right for You
17 September 2021

Nominate Your Fave Graph Superstar for a Graphie Award
13 September 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Power BI, Mobile Recommendations, Policy Base Service Authorization, Graph Algorithms Book Review, Training Week, Knowledge Graph Browser
11 September 2021

Knowledge Graphs: Data in Context for Responsive Businesses [New Book]
7 September 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphImpalaNeo4jOrientDBSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Jans Aasman Articles and Insights
13 September 2021, DevOps.com

Essilor Uses AllegroGraph to Build a Knowledge Graph Solution for Global Supply Chain Risk Management
14 September 2021, Business Wire

AiThority Interview with Dr. Jans Aasman, CEO at Franz
1 July 2021, AiThority

Why Young Developers Don't Get Knowledge Graphs
30 July 2021, Datanami

Franz Inc. and Smartlogic Team Up to Help Enterprises Quickly Deploy Highly Scalable, Distributed Semantic Knowledge Graphs
24 May 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much – Gigaom
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

provided by Google News

Levi Strauss & Co., Sainsbury's, The Orchard, And More Harness Neo4j Aura On AWS
24 August 2021, PRNewswire

TigerGraph Welcomes Former Neo4J Global Customers; Adds
19 August 2021, GlobeNewswire

NASA, The German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), TCS, and More Use Neo4j Knowledge Graphs for Next-Level Digital Transformation
8 September 2021, PRNewswire

What are graph database query languages?
3 September 2021, VentureBeat

Graph databases must meet developers and business analysts on their own turf
25 August 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

NoSQL Software Market Size, Growth And Analysis By Leading Keyplayers – MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure Cosmos DB – Stillwater Current
15 September 2021, Stillwater Current

Optical Wavelength Services Market Size, Growth And Analysis By Leading Keyplayers : Oracle, International Business Machines Corporation, Neo TechnologyInc., OrientDB, Franz Inc. – Stillwater Current
17 September 2021, Stillwater Current

Graph Database Market Size, Share and Top Vendors – Amazon Web Services, IBM, Franz, Microsoft, Neo4j, OpenLink Software, Oracle – Stillwater Current
15 September 2021, Stillwater Current

New Tom Sawyer Perspectives 10.0 Release Changes Architecture, Strengthens Performance
14 September 2021, EIN News

Graph Database Market 2021 Global Business Opportunities ? IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, Orientdb, Terad
31 August 2021, openPR

provided by Google News

Rimini Streets adds support for open source databases -
3 September 2021, Enterprise Times

SAP HANA Cloud Offers High-Performance Management of Data for Users
20 April 2021, Inside SAP Magazine

A look inside the SAP IQ column-oriented database
10 March 2016, TechTarget

IBM, SAP partner to move financial institutions to the hybrid cloud
28 July 2021, ZDNet

SAP Unveils New Services in SAP HANA Cloud
28 April 2021, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Modeling and Simulation / MBSE Systems Engineer
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Sales Engineer/Senior Sales Engineer (Central)
TigerGraph, Illinois

MBSE Systems Engineer - Cameo
The GBS Group, Virginia Beach, VA

Modeling and Simulation Computer Engineer
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Tableau Developer
Capgemini, Chicago, IL

Senior Customer Data Platform (CDP) Architect for Marketing and Communications
OneMain Financial, Charlotte, NC

Sr. DBA/Architect
Michaels, Irving, TX

Federal - ETL Developer Manager
Accenture, San Antonio, TX

Informatica Senior Developer - Colorado
Lumen, Broomfield, CO

Senior Software Engineer, AuthServices
Netflix, Los Gatos, CA

Developer Relations Director
Neo4j, United States

Junior Full Stack Developer
BAE Systems, Washington, DC

Senior API and Data Engineer
Fidelity Investments, Boston, MA

Jr. Full Stack Developer - JS, MongoDB and Docker
Tier2Tek, Washington, DC

SAP HANA Consultant
Schrill Technologies, Houston, TX

Sr. Database Engineer (Engineering)
Morgan Stanley, Alpharetta, GA

Junior Data Strategy Analyst (JDSA)*
National Capitol Contracting (NCC), Puget Sound, WA

SAP BI Lead
Farouk Systems Inc, Houston, TX

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Present your product here