DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. atoti vs. HyperSQL vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. atoti vs. HyperSQL vs. Neo4j

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonatoti  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSAn in-memory DBMS combining transactional and analytical processing to handle the aggregation of ever-changing data.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Object oriented DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.15
Rank#166  Overall
#29  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.35
Rank#265  Overall
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Score5.35
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score60.14
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.atoti.iohsqldb.orgneo4j.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmlneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperFranz Inc.ActiveViamNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release200420012007
Current release7.2, October 20212.6.1, October 20214.4.6, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial infofree versions availableOpen Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageMultidimensional Expressions (MDX)yesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common LispPythonJava, SQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationSharding, horizontal partitioningnoneyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphatotiHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBNeo4j
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

100 Companies That Matter – Franz Inc.
10 March 2022

Knowledge Graph Standards in Ambient Computing
15 February 2022

Linguistic Reduction and Knowledge Graphs for Next-Gen Chatbots
31 January 2022

Authentic Meets Artificial – The New Intelligence – DM Radio Broadcast
13 January 2022

Embedding Gruff In a Web Page
10 January 2022

How Knowledge Graphs Drive More Sales With Real-Time Recommendation Engines
16 May 2022

This Week in Neo4j: Graphs4Good, GraphQL, Game of Life, Information Extraction, Cypher Map Projection, and More
14 May 2022

Graphs for Cybersecurity: Cyberthreats, Vulnerabilities, and Risk
12 May 2022

GraphConnect 2022: Make the Most of Austin, Texas
11 May 2022

Please Welcome Chandra Rangan, Neo4j’s Chief Marketing Officer!
10 May 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphatotiHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Franz’s AllegroGraph 7.3 Extends GraphQL to Knowledge Graph Developers and Enterprise Data Fabrics
17 May 2022, EIN News

Neuro-Symbolic AI: The Peak of Artificial Intelligence
16 November 2021, AiThority

Why Young Developers Don't Get Knowledge Graphs
30 July 2021, Datanami

4 Benefits of Integrating a Language With a Database
13 September 2021, DevOps.com

Franz's Allegro CL® Used for Scheduling the Hubble Space Telescope Discovery of Earendel
2 April 2022, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Top resources to learn SQL in 2022
21 February 2022, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

Open-source DBMS becoming battleground of public cloud
17 May 2022, Etnews

In-Memory Database Market Estimated to Reach $9.34 Billion by 2027
4 April 2022, Digital Journal

provided by Google News

Neo4j Appoints Chief Marketing Officer
10 May 2022, PR Newswire

Neo4j Introduces Graph Data Science-as-a-Service | Transforming Data with Intelligence
18 April 2022, TDWI

One on One: with Neo4j A/NZ general manager Peter Philipp
13 May 2022, ARNnet

We are in India not just for revenue, but also for our partners, community and use cases: Rahul Tenglikar, Neo4j
22 April 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Neo4j claims to secure massive growth in APAC region - CRN - India
25 April 2022, CRN.in

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Modeling and Simulation Tools Data Scientist
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Software Developer
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Modeling and Simulation Tools Data Scientist
General Dynamics Information Technology, Philadelphia, PA

Head and VP of Data Architecture and Engineering
Totus Medicines, Emeryville, CA

Data Architect (Data Engineer), Senior
TRIAEM, LLC, Springfield, VA

Sr Sales Compensation Systems Engineer
Uber, San Francisco, CA

Sr Sales Compensation Systems Engineer
Uber, New York, NY

Sr Sales Compensation Systems Engineer
Uber, Chicago, IL

Data Analyst
McKinsey & Company, Waltham, MA

Architect: Contact Center
Avis Budget Group, Parsippany, NJ

Data Scientist (remote)
LinQuest Corporation, Beavercreek, OH

Staff Software Engineer, Interoperability
Unite Us, New York, NY

Sales Engineer (Remote-East)
Neo4j, Boston, MA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here