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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. HBase vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. HBase vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.25
Rank#154  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score45.20
Rank#24  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.85
Rank#125  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comhbase.apache.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlhbase.apache.orgwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperFranz Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release200420081989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1998
Current release7.0.0, April 20202.3.4, January 202114.0, September 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Cloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyes infoCoprocessors in Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.PL/SQL
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphHBasePostgreSQLTimesTen
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Apache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
No single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
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