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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. GraphDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. GraphDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Enterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.33
Rank#148  Overall
#25  Document stores
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score2.81
Rank#95  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#108  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Websiteallegrograph.comcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.ontotext.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentation
DeveloperFranz Inc.GoogleOntotext
Initial release200420172000
Current release7.0.0, April 20209.6, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercialcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourced
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011stored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBC
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnowell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibility
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes infoConstraint checking
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Default Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphGoogle Cloud SpannerGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
News

Gartner Case Study: Entity-Event Knowledge Graph for Powering AI Solutions (Montefiore)
15 March 2021

Understanding What Matters With Text Analytics and NLP
9 March 2021

KMWorld 100 Companies that Matter Most – Franz Inc.
9 March 2021

Maximizing Your Data Fabric’s ROI via Entity Data Modeling
24 February 2021

Data-Centric Architecture Forum – DCAF 2021
1 February 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphGoogle Cloud SpannerGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM
Conferences and events

Accelerated R&D with a FAIR Data Fabric in Life Sciences
Webinar, 7am PDT / 10am EDT / 5pm CEST / 6pm EEST, 14 April 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Franz Announces Allegro NFS Server 7.0 for Windows
16 February 2021, Business Wire

Franz Releases AllegroGraph 7.1
12 February 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Franz Inc. Named a 2021 KMWorld 100 Company that Matters in Knowledge Management
22 March 2021, Business Wire

Franz's AllegroGraph 7 Gains Broad Recognition in 2020 as a Leading Knowledge Graph Solution
9 December 2020, Business Wire

AllegroGraph v7 Powers First Distributed Semantic Knowledge Graph Solution with Federated-Sharding
26 May 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Google upgrades Cloud Spanner's encryption capabilities
22 April 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Google Cloud and Workspace get new batch of cybersecurity features
28 April 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Google launches new Cloud region in Warsaw
14 April 2021, Information Age

Ready to be a GCP architect? Try this quiz and see - TechTarget
16 April 2021, TechTarget

Google could match Amazon and Microsoft with virtual desktop tool but keeps it for employees only
12 April 2021, CNBC

provided by Google News

Ontotext Platform 3.4 Brings Better Search and Aggregation in Knowledge Graphs
15 April 2021, PRNewswire

The Pros and Cons of RDF-Star and Sparql-Star
29 April 2021, BBN Times

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

eccenca and Ontotext Partner to Advance Enterprise Data Management
3 February 2021, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

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