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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SWC-DB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SWC-DB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSWC-DB infoSuper Wide Column Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A high performance, scalable Wide Column DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.26
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score3.98
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score57.63
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.24
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#13  Wide column stores
Websiteallegrograph.comcloud.google.com/­bigtableneo4j.comorientdb.orggithub.com/­kashirin-alex/­swc-db
www.swcdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.GoogleNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPAlex Kashirin
Initial release20042015200720102020
Current release7.0.0, April 20204.3.3, August 20213.1.9, February 20210.5, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenonoSQL-like query language, no joinsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Proprietary protocol
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptno
Triggersyesnoyes infovia event handlerHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingyes using Neo4j FabricShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphGoogle Cloud BigtableNeo4jOrientDBSWC-DB infoSuper Wide Column Database
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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