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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Google BigQuery vs. GraphDB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Google BigQuery vs. GraphDB vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.42
Rank#163  Overall
#30  Document stores
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score55.69
Rank#21  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score2.47
Rank#121  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score4.57
Rank#84  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comcloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.ontotext.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperFranz Inc.GoogleOntotextOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2004201020002010
Current release7.2.0, October 20219.8, June 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercialcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptwell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityJava, Javascript
TriggersyesnonoHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoConstraint checkingyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Default Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphGoogle BigQueryGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
News

AllegroGraph Named “2022 Best Knowledge Graph” by KMWorld Readers’ Choice
9 November 2022

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IEEE – Entity Event Knowledge Graph for Powerful Health Informatics
21 October 2022

Franz Inc. Named a Big Data 50 Innovator
26 September 2022

Dr. Jans Aasman, Named Keynote Speaker for SEMANTiCS Conference 2022
15 September 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
AllegroGraphGoogle BigQueryGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOrientDB
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