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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Search engineGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.34
Rank#150  Overall
#25  Document stores
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score154.71
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score55.75
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.45
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.ElasticNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2004201020072010
Current release7.0.0, April 20207.8.0, June 20204.2.6, May 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectornono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphElasticsearchNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Elasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Open source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Gartner Case Study: Entity-Event Knowledge Graph for Powering AI Solutions (Montefiore)
15 March 2021

Understanding What Matters With Text Analytics and NLP
9 March 2021

KMWorld 100 Companies that Matter Most – Franz Inc.
9 March 2021

Maximizing Your Data Fabric’s ROI via Entity Data Modeling
24 February 2021

Data-Centric Architecture Forum – DCAF 2021
1 February 2021

This Week in Neo4j – deps.dev, neo-forgery, Motherlode, tei2neo, RBAC with Azure AD, Prometheus, GraphStuff.FM Podcasts
12 June 2021

#GraphCast: Why Join Neo4j with Johannes
11 June 2021

What Pride Month Means to Me at Neo4j
10 June 2021

Reflections on My First 6 Months at Neo4j
8 June 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Graph Embeddings, Confluent with Aura, Intro Video, Liquibase, Data Stack Show
5 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
» more
Graphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphElasticsearchNeo4jOrientDB
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