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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOpen source graph database
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Search engineGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.95
Rank#170  Overall
#26  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score152.32
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score50.18
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchneo4j.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperFranz Inc.ElasticNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release200420102007
Current release7.0.0, April 20207.8.0, June 20204.1.1, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaJava, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphElasticsearchNeo4j
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Elasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Open source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Knowledge graphs enhance customer experience through speed and accuracy
10 July 2020

AllegroGraph Named to 100 Companies That Matter Most in Data
22 June 2020

Bloor Research Covers AllegroGraph with FedShard
5 June 2020

AllegroGraph Tutorial – Distributed Repository Using Shards and Federation Setup
25 May 2020

Advanced Knowledge Graph Visualization with New Gruff v8
12 May 2020

Monitoring Neo4j Servers and Clusters
12 August 2020

Combating Money Laundering: Graph Tech Fights Serious Crimes
10 August 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Covid Graph GraphQL API, Spring Data Neo4j 6 Experiments, CompoundDB4j
8 August 2020

Easy Explainability: 5-Minute Interview with Calin Constantinov
7 August 2020

7 Quick Tips to Get More from the GDS Library [Tip Sheet]
6 August 2020

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphElasticsearchNeo4j
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Recent citations in the news

Ubiquitous AI Demands A New Type Of Database Sharding
1 May 2020, Forbes

Data Summit Connect 2020 Drills Down on Better Data Processes With Knowledge Graphs
10 June 2020, dbta.com

AllegroGraph v7 Powers First Distributed Semantic Knowledge Graph Solution with Federated-Sharding
26 May 2020, Business Wire

Three Necessities For Maximizing Your Digital Twins Approach
4 November 2019, Forbes

Answering the Question Why: Explainable AI
18 March 2020, AiThority

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Elasticsearch - Director of Engineering — Elastic
5 August 2020, Built In Austin

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Security BSides Athens 2020 – Talk 05 – Tasos Chatziefstratiou’s ‘Visualize Windows Events Using Python3 & Neo4j’
6 August 2020, Security Boulevard

Graph Analytics Market Growing at a CAGR 34.0% | Key Player Microsoft, IBM, AWS, Oracle, Neo4j
15 July 2020, Virtual-Strategy Magazine

Global Graph Database Market 2020 – Impact of COVID-19, Future Growth Analysis and Challenges | triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
9 August 2020, Galus Australis

Neo4j 4.0 adds enterprise Fabric to its graph database
4 February 2020, ZDNet

Neo4j Extends Graph Databases to the Relational World
1 April 2020, ITPro Today

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