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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. DuckDB vs. eXtremeDB vs. Impala vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. DuckDB vs. eXtremeDB vs. Impala vs. Neo4j

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringAnalytic DBMS for HadoopScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.24
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.23
Rank#282  Overall
#131  Relational DBMS
Score0.65
Rank#213  Overall
#104  Relational DBMS
#16  Time Series DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comduckdb.orgwww.mcobject.comwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlneo4j.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlduckdb.org/­docswww.mcobject.com/­docs/­extremedb.htmdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperFranz Inc.McObjectClouderaNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release20042018200120132007
Current release7.2, October 20210.2, August 20208.2, November 20204.0.0, July 20214.4.3, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-lessAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenono infosupport of XML interfaces availableno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
CLI Client
JDBC
.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnoyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesnoyes infoby defining eventsnoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith Federationnonehorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
selectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphDuckDBeXtremeDBImpalaNeo4j
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
eXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
eXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 30 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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More resources
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