DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. DuckDB vs. GridDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. DuckDB vs. GridDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSScalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.26
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.19
Rank#289  Overall
#134  Relational DBMS
Score1.34
Rank#147  Overall
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score57.63
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score4.24
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websiteallegrograph.comduckdb.orggriddb.netneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlduckdb.org/­docsdocs.griddb.netneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.Toshiba CorporationNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release20042018201320072010
Current release7.0.0, April 20200.2, August 20204.6, February 20214.3.3, August 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++C++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-lessLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesSQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)noSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
CLI Client
JDBC
Proprietary protocolBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnonoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersyesnoyesyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationnoneShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID at container levelACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationnoAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphDuckDBGridDBNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
GridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Essilor’s Knowledge Graph for Global Supply Chain Risk Management
14 September 2021

No-Code Queries Can Accelerate AI and Data Analytics
1 September 2021

Why Young Developers Don’t Get Knowledge Graphs
1 August 2021

The Next Step in Machine Learning’s Evolution: Graph Neural Networks
29 July 2021

Franz Inc. Named to KMWorld’s AI50
14 July 2021

Kafka for Neo4j Aura Is Available Now
21 September 2021

This Week in Neo4j – GraphXR, CARD, Relational vs. Graph, Azure Functions, Neo4j Spring Data 6, Load JSON, Videos Galore
18 September 2021

#GraphCast: 8 Tips to Decide If Knowledge Graph Is Right for You
17 September 2021

Nominate Your Fave Graph Superstar for a Graphie Award
13 September 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Power BI, Mobile Recommendations, Policy Base Service Authorization, Graph Algorithms Book Review, Training Week, Knowledge Graph Browser
11 September 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AllegroGraphDuckDBGridDBNeo4jOrientDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Jans Aasman Articles and Insights
13 September 2021, DevOps.com

Essilor Uses AllegroGraph to Build a Knowledge Graph Solution for Global Supply Chain Risk Management
14 September 2021, Business Wire

AiThority Interview with Dr. Jans Aasman, CEO at Franz
1 July 2021, AiThority

Why Young Developers Don't Get Knowledge Graphs
30 July 2021, Datanami

Franz Inc. and Smartlogic Team Up to Help Enterprises Quickly Deploy Highly Scalable, Distributed Semantic Knowledge Graphs
24 May 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

New CWI spin-off company DuckDB Labs: Solutions for fast database analytics
14 July 2021, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Apache Arrow 5 Improves Asynchronous Scanner
16 August 2021, iProgrammer

4 predictions for open source in 2021
29 December 2020, IDG Connect

Data management system developed to bridge the gap between databases and data science
9 June 2020, Tech Xplore

provided by Google News

Cassandra 4.0 finally out of the gates after being delayed for last-minute bug swat
27 July 2021, The Register

Snowflake targets Java and Scala devs, will soon slither after Pythonistas too
8 June 2021, The Register

Trend-Setting Products in Data and Information Management for 2020
4 December 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Levi Strauss & Co., Sainsbury's, The Orchard, And More Harness Neo4j Aura On AWS
24 August 2021, Yahoo Finance

NASA, The German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), TCS, and More Use Neo4j Knowledge Graphs for Next-Level Digital Transformation
8 September 2021, PRNewswire

Graph Databases Software Market Size, Growth And Analysis By Leading Keyplayers – Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter – Stillwater Current
22 September 2021, Stillwater Current

Open-Source Database Software Market Size, Analysis, and Key Manufacturers – Titan, Neo4j, SQLite, MariaDB, Apache Hive, Couchbase, MongoDB – Stillwater Current
21 September 2021, Stillwater Current

What are graph database query languages?
3 September 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

NoSQL Software Market Size, Growth And Analysis By Leading Keyplayers – MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure Cosmos DB – Stillwater Current
15 September 2021, Stillwater Current

Optical Wavelength Services Market Size, Growth And Analysis By Leading Keyplayers : Oracle, International Business Machines Corporation, Neo TechnologyInc., OrientDB, Franz Inc. – Stillwater Current
17 September 2021, Stillwater Current

NoSQL Databases Software Market In-Depth Analysis | Key Players- Amazon, Arango DB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase – Stillwater Current
20 September 2021, Stillwater Current

Graph Database Market Size, Share and Top Vendors – Amazon Web Services, IBM, Franz, Microsoft, Neo4j, OpenLink Software, Oracle – Stillwater Current
15 September 2021, Stillwater Current

Graph Database Market 2021 Global Business Opportunities ? IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, Orientdb, Terad
31 August 2021, openPR

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

MBSE Systems Engineer - Cameo
The GBS Group, Virginia Beach, VA

Sales Engineer/Senior Sales Engineer (Central)
TigerGraph, Illinois

Modeling and Simulation / MBSE Systems Engineer
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Modeling and Simulation Computer Engineer
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Junior Python Developer
Gryps, Columbia, SC

Senior Python Developer
Gryps, Washington, DC

Customer Support Engineer (West Coast - Remote)
Neo4j, Seattle, WA

Vice President of Global Customer Support
Neo4j, Boston, MA

Vice President of Global Customer Support - Remote
Neo4j, United States

Blue Planet Inventory Architect
Intone Networks, Remote

Vice President, IT (Remote)
Neo4j, San Francisco Bay Area, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here