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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. DuckDB vs. Google BigQuery vs. Impala vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. DuckDB vs. Google BigQuery vs. Impala vs. Neo4j

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesAnalytic DBMS for HadoopScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.24
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.23
Rank#282  Overall
#131  Relational DBMS
Score45.62
Rank#24  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comduckdb.orgcloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlneo4j.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmlduckdb.org/­docscloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperFranz Inc.GoogleClouderaNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release20042018201020132007
Current release7.2, October 20210.2, August 20204.0.0, July 20214.4.3, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-lesshostedLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possiblenonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
CLI Client
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispnouser defined functions infoin JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesnononoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationnonenoneShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationnoAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphDuckDBGoogle BigQueryImpalaNeo4j
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Authentic Meets Artificial – The New Intelligence – DM Radio Broadcast
13 January 2022

Embedding Gruff In a Web Page
10 January 2022

AllegroGraph Named 2022 “Trend Setter”
3 January 2022

Predictions: Quantum AI, Graph Neural Networks, and Personal Data Pods
16 December 2021

Franz Inc. Announces AllegroGraph Has No Log4j Security Exposure
14 December 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Start your Graph
15 January 2022

Jim Webber with Dr. Edgar Osuna: Using Graphs to Take Down Fraudsters
13 January 2022

This Week in Neo4j – Best of Graph 2021 Part 2
8 January 2022

Use Graphs for Smarter AI with Neo4j and Google Cloud Vertex AI
7 January 2022

Transforming Innovation: Digital Twin for the Win!
6 January 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
AllegroGraphDuckDBGoogle BigQueryImpalaNeo4j
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